JAA ATPL - Theoretical Knowledge Manual - AIRCRAFT GENERAL KNOWLEDGE.pdf

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Theoretical Knowledge Manual
Second Edition, First Impression.
This learning material has been approved as
JAA com pliant by the United Kingdom
Civil Aviation Authority.
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© Oxford Aviation Services Limited 2001
All Rights Reserved
This text book is to be used only for the purpose of private study by individuals and may not be reproduced in any form or medium,
copied, stored in a retrieval system, lent, hired, rented, transmitted or adapted in whole or in part without the prior written consent of
Oxford Aviation Services Limited.
Copyright in all documents and materials bound within these covers or attached hereto, excluding that material which is reproduced by the kind
permission of third parties and acknowledged as such, belongs exclusively to Oxford Aviation Services Limited.
Certain copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the International Civil Aviation Organisation, the United Kingdom Civil Aviation
Authority and the Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA).
This text book has been written and published as a reference work to assist students enrolled on an approved JAA Air Transport Pilot Licence
(ATPL) course to prepare themselves for the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations. Nothing in the content of this book is to be
interpreted as constituting instruction or advice relating to practical flying.
Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained within this book, neither Oxford Aviation Services Limited
nor the publisher gives any warranty as to its accuracy or otherwise. Students preparing for the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations
should not regard this book as a substitute for the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge training syllabus published in the current edition of 'JAR-FCL
1 Flight Crew Licensing (Aeroplanes)' (the Syllabus). The Syllabus constitutes the sole authoritative definition of the subject matter to be studied
in a JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge training programme. If you elect to subscribe to the amendment service offered with this book please note
that there will be a delay between the introduction of changes to the Syllabus and your receipt of the relevant updates. No student should
prepare for, or is currently entitled to enter himself/herself for, the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations without first being enrolled in a
training school which has been granted approval by a JAA-authorised national aviation authority to deliver JAA ATPL training.
Oxford Aviation Services Limited excludes all liability for any loss or damage incurred or suffered as a result of any reliance on all or part of this
book except for any liability for death or personal injury resulting from Oxford Aviation Services Limited's negligence or any other liability which
may not legally be excluded.
Cover picture by courtesy of the Boeing Company
Published by: Jeppesen GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany
Contact Details:
Pilot Ground Training Department
Oxford Aviation Training
Oxford Airport
Oxford 0X5 IRA
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Jeppesen GmbH
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Tel:++44 (0)1865 844290
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ISBN: 0-88487-285-8
Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) pilot licences were first introduced in 1999. By the end of 2002, all
33 JAA member states will have adopted the new, pan-European licensing system. Many other countries
world-wide have already expressed interest in aligning their training with the syllabi for the various JAA
licences. These syllabi and the regulations governing the award and the renewal of licences are defined
by the JAA's licensing agency, known as "Joint Aviation Requirements-Flight Crew Licensing", or JAR-
The introduction of JAA licences is, naturally, accompanied by associated JAR-FCL practical skill tests
(tests of flying ability) and theoretical knowledge examinations corresponding to each level of licence:
Private Pilot Licence (PPL), Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL), CPL with Instrument Rating and Air
Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL). The JAR-FCL skill tests and the ground examinations, though similar
in content and scope to those conducted by many national authorities, are inevitably different in detail
from the tests and examinations set by any individual JAA member state under its own national scheme.
Consequently, students who wish to train for JAA licences need access to study material which has been
specifically designed to meet the requirements of the new licensing system.
As far as the JAA ATPL ground examinations are concerned, the subject matter to be tested is set out
in the ATPL training syllabus contained in the JAA publication, 'JAR-FCL 1 (Aeroplanes)'. Inevitably,
this syllabus represents a compromise between the differing academic contents of the national ATPL
training syllabi it replaces. Thus, it follows that the advent of the new examinations has created a need
for completely new reference texts to cover the requirements of the new syllabus. This series of manuals,
prepared by Oxford Aviation Training and published by Jeppesen, aims to cover those requirements and
to help student pilots prepare for the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations.
Oxford Aviation Training (OAT) is one of the world's leading professional pilot schools. It has been in
operation for over thirty years and has trained more than 12,000 professional pilots for over 80 airlines,
world-wide. OAT was the first pilot school in the United Kingdom to be granted approval to train for the
JAA ATPL. As one of the most active members of the European Association of Airline Pilot Schools,
OAT has been a leading player in the pan-European project to define, in objective terms, the depth and
scope of the academic content of JAA ATPL ground training as outlined in 'JAR-FCL 1 (Aeroplanes)'.
OAT led and coordinated this joint-European effort to produce the JAA ATPL Learning Objectives
which are now published by the JAA itself as a guide to the theoretical knowledge requirements of ATPL
In less than two years since beginning JAA ATPL training, and despite the inevitable teething problems
that national aviation authorities have experienced in introducing the new examination system, OAT has
achieved an unsurpassed success rate in terms of the passes its students have gained in the JAA ATPL
examinations. This achievement is the result of OAT's whole-hearted commitment to the introduction
of the new JAA licensing system and of its willingness to invest heavily in the research and development
required to make the new system work for its students. OAT has not only been at the forefront of the
effort made to document JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge requirements, but it has also produced
associated academic notes of the highest quality and created computer-generated and web-based ATPL
lessons which ensure that its students are as well-prepared as possible to succeed in the ground
examinations. OAT's experience and expertise in the production of JAA ATPL training material make
this series of manuals the best learning material available to students who aspire to hold a JAA ATPL.
Jeppesen, established in 1934, is acknowledged as the world's leading supplier of flight information
services, and provides a full range of print and electronic flight information services, including
navigation data, computerised flight planning, aviation software products, aviation weather services,
maintenance information, and pilot training systems and supplies. Jeppesen counts among its customer
base all US airlines and the majority of international airlines world-wide. It also serves the large general
and business aviation markets.
The combination of Jeppesen and OAT expertise embodied in these manuals means that students aiming
to gain a JAA ATPL now have access to top-quality, up-to-date study material at an affordable cost.
Manuals are not, of course, the complete answer to becoming an airline pilot. For instance, they cannot
teach you to fly. Neither may you enter for the new JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations as
a "self-improver" student. The new regulations specify that all those who wish to obtain a JAA ATPL
must be enrolled with a flying training organisation (FTO) which has been granted approval by a JAA-
authorised national aviation authority to deliver JAA ATPL training. The formal responsibility to
prepare you for both the flying tests (now known as "skill tests") and the ground examinations lies with
your FTO. However, these OAT/Jeppesen manuals represent a solid foundation on which your formal
training can rest.
For those aspirant airline pilots who are not yet able to begin formal training with an FTO, but intend to
do so in the future, this series of manuals will provide high-quality study material to help them prepare
themselves thoroughly for their formal training. The manuals also make excellent reading for general
aviation pilots or for aviation enthusiasts who wish to further their knowledge of aeronautical subjects
to the standard required of airline pilots.
At present, the JAA ATPL theoretical knowledge examinations are in their infancy. The examinations
will inevitably evolve over the coming years. The manuals are supported by a free on-line amendment
service which aims to correct any errors and/or omissions, and to provide guidance to readers on any
changes to the published JAA ATPL Learning Objectives. The amendment service is accessible at
http: //www. oxfordaviation. net/shop/notes .htm
OAT's knowledge of and involvement in JAR-FCL developments are second to none. You will benefit
from OAT's expertise both in your initial purchase of this text book series and from the free amendment
service. OAT and Jeppesen have published what they believe to be the highest quality JAA ATPL
theoretical knowledge manuals currently available. The content of these manuals enables you to draw
on the vast experience of two world-class organisations, each of which is an acknowledged expert in its
field of the provision of pilot training and the publication of pilot training material, respectively.
We trust that your study of these manuals will not only be enjoyable but, for those of you undergoing
training as airline pilots, will also lead to success in the JAA ATPL ground examinations.
Whatever your aviation ambitions, we wish you every success and, above all, happy landings.
Oxford, England. January 2002
Edition Two of this work has been recompiled to give a higher quality of print and diagram. The
opportunity has also been taken to update the contents in line with Oxford Aviation Training's
experience of the developing JAA ATPL Theoretical Knowledge Examinations.
Oxford, England. September 2002
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